Archive du jour : juillet 27, 2022
Deux études, l’une sur l’épidémiologie et l’autre sur la génétique, confirment que la pandémie de Covid-19 est bien partie d’un marché d’animaux sauvages de la ville de Wuhan (Wuhan), province du Hubei, en Chine. Le gouvernement de Pékin a nié à plusieurs reprises cette possibilité et a même largement propagé que la Chine est victime d’un virus venant de l’étranger.
Understanding how severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in 2019 is critical to preventing zoonotic outbreaks before they become the next pandemic. The Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China, was identified as a likely source of cases in early reports but later this conclusion became controversial. We show the earliest known COVID-19 cases from December 2019, including those without reported direct links, were geographically centered on this market. We report that live SARS-CoV-2 susceptible mammals were sold at the market in late 2019 and, within the market, SARS-CoV-2-positive environmental samples were spatially associated with vendors selling live mammals. While there is insufficient evidence to define upstream events, and exact circumstances remain obscure, our analyses indicate that the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 occurred via the live wildlife trade in China, and show that the Huanan market was the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic.