Catégorie : Ressources Académiques

A Wuhan, le 14 avril, les ambulances transfèrent les patients atteints du Covid. © YFC / COSTFOTO/SIPA USA 0

Chine. La mobilisation sanitaire des pouvoirs publics locaux : le cas de la ville de Wuhan

En Chine, ce sont les gouvernements locaux, en particulier celui de la ville de Wuhan, épicentre de l’épidémie, qui ont joué un rôle clé durant la crise sanitaire. D’une part, c’est à cette échelle que les décisions importantes ont été prises ; d’autre part, la majorité des dépenses liées à la lutte contre le Covid-19, y compris les primes versées aux professionnels de santé mobilisés, a été majoritairement supportée par les gouvernements locaux. Le rôle de l’État central, sans être marginal, a consisté à coordonner la mobilisation des professionnels de santé et du matériel entre les territoires, à mobiliser l’industrie et à financer une partie limitée des dépenses liées à l’action publique. Ce régime de mobilisation des ressources, s’il a permis d’être au plus proche du terrain, pose problème en termes d’équité territoriale et de capacité d’endettement des gouvernements locaux, notamment pour les régions les plus pauvres.

The Xinfadi market covers 112 hectares in Beijing’s Fengtai district. © AFP 0

Strengthening public health at the community-level in China

An unprecedented pandemic, COVID-19 is currently hitting the world. After the initial outbreak in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, COVID-19 is under control in China, with a few small waves caused by imported cases, of which have been stopped in China in 2–4 weeks, with between several cases and hundreds of cases per wave. We have seen clear peak–valley intervals with these small waves. It is crucial to understand why and how China has reached such success because it might help other countries. For COVID-19, we believe that active case finding at the community-level has been the key for China’s achievement. Since the 2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), health-care reform in China has been focused squarely on community-level capacity building, which compares with countries where community surveillance systems are not ideal.

Couverture du rapport European public opinion on China in the age of COVID-19: Differences and common ground across the continent 0

Les opinions publiques européennes à l’égard de la Chine au temps de la COVID-19 : différences et points communs à travers le continent

En septembre et octobre 2020, dans le cadre du projet « Sinophone Borderlands » de l’Université Palacký d’Olomouc, une vaste enquête d’opinion publique sur la Chine a été menée dans 13 pays européens.

Les pays sondés comprennent : la République tchèque, la France, l’Allemagne, la Hongrie, l’Italie, la Lettonie, la Pologne, la Russie, la Serbie, la Slovaquie, l’Espagne, la Suède et le Royaume-Uni.

Nous présentons dans ce rapport les principaux résultats de l’enquête, qui sont le fruit d’une analyse conjointe des données de l’enquête par le Central European Institute of Asian Studies (CEIAS) et le projet « Sinophone Borderlands », dont l’Ifri est partenaire.

Figure 1. The growing budget deficit of local governments in China © Cybergeo / Natacha Aveline-Dubach 0

Covid-19 in China: the pandemic exacerbates the speculative mechanism in residential real estate

One of the striking effects of the Covid 19 pandemic has been the dramatic increase in the disconnection between finance and the real economy in the United States and Europe. In China there is a similarly growing disjuncture between house prices and economic fundamentals. Both cases show a process of asset inflation driven by a frenzy of investment in a context of deflationary pressure. But the comparison ends there, because the dynamics of real estate investment in China respond to the logic of a sui generis[1] capitalist regime that has placed the extraction of land value at the heart of its economic model.

Figure 1. Identification of the possible source of infection and analysis of viral genomes obtained in the outbreak © The Author(s) 0

Cold-chain food contamination as the possible origin of Covid-19 resurgence in Beijing

Covid-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has been contained in China through stringent non-pharmaceutical interventions. The border control and quarantine have effectively prevented the virus spread by infected travellers, but the risk of resurgence caused by other routes of introduction and transmission remains unclear, and current strategies to prevent resurgence could be flawed. Since July, SARS-CoV-2 RNA contaminations in frozen food imported from countries with ongoing epidemics have been reported in nine provinces in China. However, there is no robust evidence of Covid-19 outbreaks initiated by environment-to-human transmission. Here we add to evidence of such transmission by investigating the recent Covid-19 resurgence in Beijing.

© EAF Policy Debates 0

Was South Korea’s Response to COVID-19 a Success?

Strengthening social and economic distancing measures in response to rising COVID-19 cases will hurt the economy, whereas allowing normal economic activity could lead to a further spread of the virus. Given that situation, South Korea faces a prisoner’s dilemma of damaging both public health and economic health. Therefore, the role of businesses in the response to COVID-19 should be emphasized, alongside encouraging the public to accept social and economic distancing measures. South Korea’s current response is active intervention, where the goal is to diagnose cases in the early stages, contact trace, isolate those exposed or infected and treat cases. However, should the COVID-19 pandemic turn out to be prolonged, economic activities should be resumed, requiring South Korea to seek herd immunity and focus on protecting high-risk groups.

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